Skip to content

Category Archives: Science

It’s Time We Listened to Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.

| 0 comments

Originally published online and on print at The Philippine Star, William M. Esposo’s AS I WRECK THIS CHAIR column on October 19, 2008.

It’s Time We Listened to Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.
AS I WRECK THIS CHAIR by William M. Esposo (The Philippine Star) October 19, 2008

Lyndon H. LaRouche Jr., founder of the Executive Intelligence Review (EIR is accessible on: http://www.larouchepub.com/), foresaw over 40 years ago the financial meltdown and how it will trigger global mega problems. At this time, after listening to the mantra of the very people who brought the US and other countries to the financial meltdown, perhaps we should now listen to people like Lyndon H. LaRouche Jr. who called it right in the first place.

Butch Valdes heads the Philippine LaRouche Society. I’ve known Butch Valdes for the past three decades. Butch was featured a few months ago in Korina Sanchez’s Korina Today ANC Show where he explained the principles and policies that the Philippine LaRouche Society has been advocating.

I recently posed the following questions to Butch and he responded with these insightful answers:

Q: What is the gist of the thesis of Lyndon H. LaRouche Jr. as to what is wrong in the current world economic order? What are the great inequities of the present economic order?

Valdes: “Everything is wrong with the current economic order that’s founded on the global financial system of floating exchange rates, officially implemented in 1971 by the US unilateral withdrawal from the Bretton Woods Agreement of 1945 which is a system of “fixed” exchange rates.

This move initiated by the world’s money lenders shifted investments away from that which focused on expanding production and physical economy (generated labor) to speculative investments in casino-type markets (no employment economies). Since investments and loans (credits) were lured into speculating (gambling) and placing bets in money markets, commodity futures markets, bond markets, real estate markets and derivatives markets, the physical side of the economies, which are the labor generators, suffered a corresponding loss of credit and investments and thus started to shrink and can no longer absorb employment. The dramatically widening gap between increasing financial and monetary aggregates (securities) on one side and the decrease in production output on the other result in a collapse function for all economies.

The Philippines is a classic case of this planned deterioration. As a result, we have had to export our people as domestic helpers and prostitutes, and we’ve lost our capability to feed ourselves.”

Q: When did LaRouche exactly predict what is now happening in the world markets? What is LaRouche’s vision of the right economic world order?

Valdes: “LaRouche has forecasted the current systemic collapse and disintegration some 40 years ago. He organized a movement precisely to warn the world about the dangers of “monetarism” – the very same system which led to the collapse of 1929 and subsequently, World War II.

But since the 2007-2008 crash is upon us, LaRouche has proposed emergency legislation (Home and Bank Protection Act, HBPA) to be passed immediately – similar to the steps taken by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 to address the Great Depression. The HBPA calls for protection and non-eviction of homeowners (approximately 7 million) who may lose their homes because of non-payment of mortgages. Correspondingly, all state and city chartered commercial banks should get full federal government support in order to continue to function as providers of credit for continuance of businesses.

His vision of an economic order goes along the tradition and principles of the Roosevelt-initiated Bretton Woods Agreement of 1945. This economic order, signed by heads of 45 countries in New Hampshire, was the establishment of a system based on the principle of sovereign nation-states that are bound by a common purpose. This called for the development of all economies, all populations and succeeding generations through active collaboration in the implementation of a system of fixed-exchange rates, technology-sharing, and a guarantee of each nation’s sovereignty.”

Q: Who are the ‘villains’ responsible for promoting the bad world economic order?

Valdes: “The villains are the financial oligarchy — the usurious money lenders, those who make money out of other people’s money. Throughout the history of man, they have always been the villains. The shylocks who never failed to exact a pound of flesh as payment of debt.”

Q: How can the Philippines benefit from the ideas of LaRouche?

Valdes: “Those of us in positions of leadership in government, in business and the academe, (especially the ‘econoquacks’) should stop lying to the people and cease singing this mantra of “the fundamentals of our economy are sound.”

We can only benefit from LaRouche’s leadership by understanding the strategic causes of our present malaise. In all humility, we should acknowledge the gross errors that we made and muster the courage to correct the mistakes and implement the emergency measures needed to save as many Filipino lives as possible.

The Philippine LaRouche Society has proposed three programmatic emergency steps to enhance our society’s ability to survive and continue to function as a nation-state:

1. We must declare a moratorium on foreign debt payments. Before the idea becomes moot, the present leadership must seriously consider declaring a moratorium on debt payments which by now may reach upwards of $10 billion a year. We’ve been servicing a liability which merely ballooned due to three decades of peso devaluation that was facilitated by the “floating-exchange rate” system.

2. We must rehabilitate and activate soonest the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant which is indigenous, safe, and a cheap source of reliable energy. After spending approximately $4 billion on the nuclear power facility, we have not produced a single watt from it. Much of the scare tactics coming from misinformed and/or ill-intentioned sectors can easily be addressed. The general public must be informed of technological developments in the last 20 years which render fears on safety and efficiency as baseless and outdated. The more important thing for the leadership is to anticipate a global energy crisis and prepare to produce reliable and renewable energy from indigenous sources.

3. A Massive Food Production Program should take precedence over other projects which are not directly benefiting our people’s capacity to survive. Government must embark in expanding irrigation and water management facilities, building inventories of seeds, seedlings, fertilizer, fingerlings, feeds, etc. We must enact laws which would mandate that all land must be productive and not idle. We must enjoin the whole population to participate in a new green revolution geared towards the survival of our nation.

This integrated approach may not be the only solution but if implemented immediately, it will give our people new hope and motivation to cooperate with the leadership in achieving the survival of our society.”

It is sound management practice that those who created a major problem should not be relied upon to provide the solution. When asked to solve the problems that they created, managers will tend to waste time and energy trying to rationalize their failures — distracting from the more important task of formulating the right strategy and plan.

Prometheus Tries Again: The Philippines’ Nuclear Power Plant

| 0 comments

Prometheus Tries Again: The Philippines’ Nuclear Power Plant
by Ligaya Salva Rebolos, LYM
October 2008

We are now facing the biggest financial and economic break-down crisis ever known to man. Lyndon LaRouche warned last year, in his July 25, 2007 webcast, that the world financial-monetary system is hopelessly bankrupt. Within a week of that speech, the crash of Bearn Sterns shocked the world, and now, over a year later, the mortgage-financing institutions of Fannie Mae and Freddy Mac, Lehman Brothers, and Merrill Lynch have all gone under, and the U.S. government had to inject $85 billion dollars into the infamous AIG. These reckless bailouts are driving us, now, into an unstoppable hyperinflationary financial collapse. Only LaRouche’s economic forecast came to fruition, while all other economic analyses of the past 30 years, have been proven wrong. The failure to use the American credit based financial system, and the drastic turn to the British “Free-Trade” or “Globalization” system, has, for the last 40 years, brought this crisis to the fore. Imagine, mindless baby boomers have chosen not to invest it in poverty stricken areas of the world, but rather to pump trillions of dollars into a rotting financial corpse!

The appalling actions, regarding the bailout of swindlers, such as Democratic owners and British agents fascist Felix Rohatyn, and George Soros, by Senator Chris Dodd, Rep. Barney Frank and of course the scheming Secretary Paulson, despite having sworn to uphold the U.S. Constitution, who`s preamble demands the protection of the general welfare of the population, are testament to the fact that they have taken the inverse of that constitutional oath. Behavior such as this is treasonous, for its intention is to condemn the population to peeling the skin off their own backs in order to pay off the usurious banking institutions which looted them! Can you conceive of what the result of this decaying $5-$25 trillion carcass will do to the accelerating financial global-collapse? With the so-called “leadership” of the U.S. committing the traitorous act of these ridiculous bail outs, the question must be posed: “Where has their morale gone?”
Food Crisis & Lack of Energy: “Good” for the system

From September onward, hyperinflation has been rampaging throughout the world, while food and energy prices are rising from crazy speculative activities. Now, take into consideration, that prior to the financial system moving into hyperinflationary mode, already economically weak nations such as the Philippines have been relying on importing food and energy controlled by large private companies. All of a sudden, food riots and hunger strikes exploded in 40 different countries as a result of the “Free Trade” economic policy. Now as the crisis deepens, the Philippines finds itself in a desperate situation, facing famine and a civil war. Without radical changes being made to prevent further destruction to its internal economy, the Philippines, like many other nations, will cease to exist.

Seeing that the policies of the U.S. government have been neither successful in averting nor publicly addressing these on-rushing life-or-death issues directly ahead, where are the possible remedies to this crisis to be found? Many people, possibly even you, have asked ” Will it, or, can it get any worse?” Well, isn’t that what the foolish people of today asked only one year or even one month ago? Such questions are examples of a disease which cripples the mind and thus prohibits “normal” individuals from recognizing solutions to the current life-threatening crisis at hand. Below, I shall discuss the emergency measures required to avoid a chain-reaction type of collapse of the global financial monetary system, which Lyndon LaRouche has outlined.1

During the last 20 years, the Philippines has traversed the roughest economic and financial terrain. The outcome of the 1986 “People’s Power” coup, against Ferdinand Marcos, orchestrated by British lackeys lurking in the U.S.A., Secretary of State George P. Shultz and his Under Sec. Paul Wolfowitz, was the reduction of the nation to total poverty with no truly productive employment and a desperate food crisis. To be precise, Shultz and Wolfowitz handpicked the controlled Corazon Aquino as the replacement for Marcos, serving as the instrument for the continuation of their colonial wet dreams.

As the food shortage worsens globally and prices balloon, famine casts its shadow throughout the country. Confronted with this intolerable situation, families abroad have been forced to purchase bags of rice and ship them to their families in the Philippines. However, many are not as fortunate, and become one of thousands of people standing in line to receive subsidized rice from government food centers. These long lines start to form even before dawn, while military guards protect these relevant buildings from acts of despair. Social panic sets in, as the current government has failed to import the minimum of about 2 million tons of rice, to meet the yearly needs of its citizens. Yet, nations exporting to the Philippines, have had to earmark tons of rice as measures to safeguard their own population.

In actuality these unfolding events could have been avoided if only Marcos’ policy of the Green Revolution, also known as Masagana 99, had been able to continue; for, as under that Masagana 99, food self sufficiency was achieved.

Now, along with the food crisis, the country’s wound deepens with the lack of energy, which I shall now turn our attention to.

The first course of action by Aquino, after the ouster of Marcos, was to take actions to mothball what was already the fully completed Bataan Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP), before the country had benefited from even as much as one single watt of electricity! For the production of this nuclear plant, the first South East Asia, Shultz and Wolfowitz assured Washington that the Philippines would repay every cent of the production cost (the equivalent of $355,000 per day) and thus bury the population with usurious debt. No additional new forms of energy generating facilities were ever constructed under Aquino. This later paved the way for President Fidel Ramos, who signed cut-throat deals at the mercy of power producers. Had Marcos originally been permitted to fulfill his planned nuclear power projects, at least 12 plants would power the Philippines today. Instead, the sector of the population that has blackouts, lasting for days or weeks at a time, are considered to be fortunate as opposed to those who have no electricity at all.

But, drastic measures can solve these crises. However, the question at hand is, who will echo the call to bring the solution into existence? Unfortunately, it was the U.S. Congress, themselves, who failed to implement such measures. However, the Philippine LaRouche Society (PLS) calls upon the Philippine government to be the leading part of Southeast Asia, in creating international pressure to force the U.S. to adopt LaRouche’s urgently needed three-step proposal.1

Nonetheless, internal measures can also be taken instantaneously if the layers of the Philippines government were to discover their American system roots, and utilize that precious gift Franklin D. Roosevelt had given them. Only by implementing the Philippine LaRouche Society (PLS) domestic proposals simultaneously, can such a fight against British policy of “Globalization” be achieved. There are three internal economic stop-gap measures which can promptly address the economic instability of the nation, as follows. First, declaring a moratorium on all foreign debt payments. Currently, the population is condemned by a massive debt, created by floating exchange rates and speculation which devalued the Philippine Peso, to which they will drown in a sea of worthless paper money. Second, the immediate activation of the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP), and similar industrial projects. Third, a National Food Production Program, also known as the Green Revolution: Masagana 99. If such steps are not taken, the potential of mass starvation, social chaos, and a moral and cultural collapse will lead to the killing of millions of people in poverty stricken areas, who will be the first to face what is rapidly becoming a ‘new dark age.’

Since the Philippines is a nation-state republic, it can still economically develop by exercising financial sovereignty. Thus through the branches of a superior presidential style republic, it can direct credit as a capitol investment in basic “productive” improvements. Whereas, to the contrary, all other Asian countries unfortunately still practice the British parliamentary form of government, which is, currently, known to Manila as “Charter Change.”
British Colony: The Philippines

These forms of economic sabotage have existed not only in the Philippines, but all over the world. What is today the British Imperial system, has been the dominant form of government for thousands of years. Throughout known human civilization there has only been one nation to have liberated themselves from colonial rule, the United States of America. In doing so, the American system and any nation trying to replicate such a system, has been a threat to all forms of empire. Therefore, as a consequence of the Empire’s struggle, its oligarchical system has fought to maintain, with its claws, a grip dug deep into the foundation of the Philippines.

Known as the national hero or as the “first Filipino”, Dr. Jose Rizal, became the first to sow the seed of the American system in the Philippine Islands. At the age of 35, Dr. Rizal was executed by a firing squad in Bagumbayan, Manila, on December 30, 1896. His numerous writings expose the sub-culture of corruption in the catholic church. He reveals the friars’ and generals’ political involvement to loot the country of resources and abuse Filipinos by treating them as human cattle. Rizal fundamentally challenged the view of a race being treated as if it were subordinate to another, by fighting for a single Philippine representative in the court of Spain. It was the American Revolution and the best of European culture, which was his model for representation, so that the economic turmoil the nation was facing could be peacefully addressed. Although not everyone was proud of him, when his own mother who was fearful of his mortality and thus warned him of the consequences, he daringly responded “… misfortunes are welcome when they are the result of avoiding abasement and degradation. We have been born into a society whose political life is so out of joint that we can have no other prospect than to submit or to perish; our conscience must decide which is to b e preferred. Let us then put our trust in God and in the sincerity of our purposes. If desiring and having desired the good, brings misfortune as a reward, what are we to do?” As his commitment grew deeper and drove the fight to no longer allow people to remain under colonial rule, he was seen as a provocateur to the Spanish catholic church, and therefore the Spanish empire! The night before his subsequent execution, he wrote his poem the “Last Farewell”, which captures the reason why the oligarchy had to silence him, “… For I go where no slave before the oppressor bends…”

From then on, Rizal’s relentlessness to sacrifice his life on the altar for the common good of future generations, rippled deep throughout the nation as a foundation to build a nation-state. However, acting on a higher idea, has proven rather difficult at times due to foreign entities manipulating the internal government.

Take for example, when, exploiting the opportunity of the death of Franklin Roosevelt, British agent Hjalmar Schacht, the infamous economic minister to Adolf Hitler, toured Asia and settled in the Philippines. Schacht infiltrated the Philippines, after he slithered away from Nuremburg in the 1950′s, by becoming an adviser on economics to President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo’s father, Diosdado Macapagal. The deadly effect of which is clearly recognized in the contrasting difference between, on the one side, his campaign slogan: “decontrol”, or trade liberalization, as completely opposed to, on the other side, the then incumbent President Carlos Garcia’s “Filipino First” protectionist policies. Schacht, though, was not yet content, so to aid his deluded fantasy of completely stripping the nation, he launched an attack on the currency. He pushed devaluing the peso on the first central, or national bank governor, Miguel Cuaderno.
Shultz’s “People’s Power” vs. Marcos

Decades later as the nation began to show rapid signs of establishing self-sufficient means of production of both energy and food, and a promising commitment to orient itself towards technology as the basis for economic-growth, a political intrusion was made. The attack on what would prove to be the Achilles heel of the Philippines, was carried out by blocking the activation of the flagship Marcos program, the BNPP, and dismantling the Masagana 99 Green Revolution. It was Henry Kissinger’s NSSM 200 which forced the Philippines to limit the amount of rice production. It claimed that since the increase of population dramatically affects the consumption of natural resources, i.e. food, which is demanded by the more advanced countries, then logically, the U.S. ought to enforce a country to, not only taking direct measures toward population control, but doing so indirectly through restricting the production of food! So, the Philippines was then subjected to lift protective tariffs on not only food, but all other goods it produced.

Regarding the fully completed nuclear facility, Ronnie Velasco, the Energy Minister of President Marcos, said that the US ambassador to the Philippines, Stephen Bosworth, was responsible for convincing Marcos to delay the activation. His malicious tactic for postponement, under the auspices of having one last safety inspection, allowed them the time to oust Marcos in 1986, before activating the plant. According to Ronnie Velasco’s account, the head of the “Royal” “Dutch” Shell Philippines, Cesar Buenaventura, has been the leading opposition to the government’s decision to go nuclear. Also, he reported that Shell provided the dirty money behind rallies of the environmentalist and leftist movement against the BNPP. As a reward, Imperial agent Buenaventura was honored and glorified with Knighthood by the Queen of England for doing such good service for her majesty’s Shell Philippines!
The Soul of the Philippines: The American System

And so, as brilliantly sculpted by Dr. Jose Rizal, it was the Olympian Zeus, known today as the Brutish Empire, which sought desperate revenge for the development of mankind, especially the most modern, forms of Fire, nuclear power, as what is still an expression of that uniquely human immortal power of creativity, that great gift from Prometheus.

The fight today remains between two distinctly opposing views of man: the view of Zeus, who enjoyed man’s inability to use the creative powers of the mind, making him just another form of a higher ape, and, Prometheus, who gave mankind the gift of Fire, the power to discover universal principles, and because of his gift he was eternally condemned to torture. For us today, the challenge is to restore the gift of scientific knowledge to increase man’s ability not only for his own survival, but for improving the rest of civilization. It’s the expression of the powers of the human mind which lives on for the future generation, the idea of immortality from Prometheus. These two opposing systems, known today as the London based British Imperial system of “monetarism,” and the American credit system, have been the defining factor for human existence. The mission of the U.S. to defend the general welfare, as it states in the preamble of the U.S. Constitution, and to improve the individual’s role in society, is what is feared and considered, being a system which orients a society towards scientific culture, as the leading threat to the oligarchical system.

As Dr. Rizal wrote, “I am most anxious for the liberties of our country. But I place, as a prior condition, the education of the people, so that our country may have an individuality of its own, and make itself worthy of liberties. Only love can work wonders. Only virtue can redeem. What is the use of independence, if the slaves of today, will be the tyrants of tomorrow?” As a political organizer, his task was to provoke that divine spark of science, of reason, into the minds of the population and use that, as a tool to succeed in releasing the nation from under the yoke of tyranny. Having gone to Europe to receive a quality of education not provided to Filipinos by Spain, Rizal took the best of European culture and strove to transmit it to indigenous Filipinos to base a revolution not purely on rebellion within the immediate circumstances, but for the benefit of successive generations. To risk one’s own life for the hope that one day, their descendents would succeed in and not have to face the same trials and tribulations.

Other than his two books, he wrote a series of essays, and articles, some published in a Madrid newspaper called “La Solidaridad,” which strove not only to elevate the Filipinos but also the Spaniards themselves in establishing a nation based on the higher conception that, “Man is not a brute, he is not a machine, his object is not merely to produce… Man’s object is not to satisfy the passions of another man, his object is to seek happiness for himself and his kind by traveling along the road to progress and perfection.” -Dr. Rizal’s ‘The Indolence of the Filipinos.’ He ridiculed the degenerate culture and utilized that higher quality of the human mind through the replication of such acts of discovery of universal principles. Rizal recognized the two opposing systems, the American vs. the oligarchic or imperial, and chose to define a nation modeled on classical culture and scientific education. Dr. Rizal’s main purpose was to bring forth the Promethean character in each individual, as the essence of a new National government for the Philippines.

It was this seed that FDR wanted to nurture. Rizal established the foundation of a nation, and FDR provided the means through a productive economy in achieving progress and perfection of the individual. FDR demonstrated that precious quality of the human mind with an effective intervention, by reorganizing the banks and building basic infrastructure to increase the productivity and skill of a nation. His intention during the awkward collaboration with Winston Churchill’s Britain, in defeating Hitler, was that “winning the war” actually meant to him (though never to Churchill), ending global colonialism. Including granting the Philippines full independence on July 4, 1946.

This fight over national-sovereignty was later continued by Ferdinand Marcos. During his presidency from 1965, the “counterinsurgency” which was a factor that led to his declaration of martial law in the 1970′s was definitely not his only concern, the country’s economic stability was also on the forefront of his mind. Although the Philippines was, officially, granted full independence, in reality it still heavily relied on U.S. economic assistance. President Marcos’ national projects were steps towards economic independence. As the first international oil crisis hit, crude oil sky rocketed from $2.55 per barrel in April 1973, to $10.84 per barrel, 20 months later in December 1974. In addition, OPEC imposed a partial embargo on oil exports which made the continuing supply of imported oil more than questionable. Consequently, the oil import bill, leaped from $230 million in 1973, to an amazing $680 million in 1974. These portentous developments fueled so to speak, Marcos’ interest in a national nuclear power program.

However, nuclear energy was not the only significant proposal for internal improvements by the Marcos administration, he also included many new production and refining capabilities in the plan, such as steel, petro-chemical, pulp and paper, a copper smelter, aluminum, phosphate fertilizer, diesel engines, gas and oil, all in conjunction with the Green Revolution.

It was precisely the American influence’s commitment to industrialization, as typified by the replacement of carabaos (water buffalo) by tractors and other modern technology which threatened to end the feudal state of farming. Masagana, meaning “bountiful” was clearly what Marcos had in mind as 99 meant, 99 stacks of rice, equivalent to about 5 tons, which was the required amount to obtain the level of internal stability in rice production. Supplying farmers with the necessary foundations, such as fertilizers, seeds, irrigation canals, and pesticides, to contribute to the overall productivity of the nation which doubled by 1977; launching the Philippines to accomplish for the first time, self-sufficiency in rice and other produce, ever in its history! These essential investments in productive projects, which are necessary for human progress, require a conscience devotion in producing such effects for future generations.
Tour of BNPP

Clearly the fight over national policy to protect the right to develop the creative powers of the individual and through that, nurture the improvement of a society, is what ultimately the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) signifies. Reviving such a policy as a catalyst for change, and rousing the rest of other Asian countries to echo the call for LaRouche’s four powers agreement and economic recovery, is the real threat to the imperial system. It’s this beacon of hope that is the cause for constant attacks from conniving British agents, which the Philippine LaRouche Society (PLS) has the voracity to stand up against.

With the disintegration of the global economy being a cruel reality, the PLS had the rare opportunity to visit the first and only nuclear power plant in Southeast Asia; the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant. This unique occasion resulted with a small group of youth, who provoked different layers of government, by challenging the fraud behind the science and philosophy of Al Gore’s anti-nuclear scare. It was these young people’s intervention in various Global Warming conferences, which sparked the audience to question “alternative energy” vs. the most advanced technological forms of energy, i.e. nuclear power. The purpose of the tour was to investigate the effects of 20 yrs. of non-utilization, and to see whether or not the plant had the potential to become operational again.

What PLS found were computer equipment and control panels which used to be high-end technology during the late 1970′s, and had now become obsolete forms of computer systems. The lack of maintaining cool temperatures and controlled humidity throughout the plant had accelerated the rotting process of major parts of machinery. Failure to repair holes on the roof to preserve insulation created water leakage from rain and excess humidity, exposing sensitive equipment to being severely damaged.

The PLS also uncovered bursting excitement not only from each other, but from the engineers. These engineers stretched each cent of the limited government funding during the last twenty years to preserve the plant without ever doubting that what they had done would be in vain. Some engineers regretted being duped during the Marcos controversy and realized the political decision to mothball the plant, was a tragic one. Organizing around the endless potential that technological growth would bring by utilizing nuclear power to build water desalination plants, and magnetic levitated rail through economic policies oriented towards a scientific culture, was an inspiring idea for them. Furthermore, the idea that these industrial types of projects would act as a means of achieving a sovereign nation-state republic, was a fundamental breakthrough these engineers will cherish for a lifetime. The PLS’s long awaited presence signifies that one day, their hope that this plant will become operational, and the construction of many more, will become a reality.
Prometheus: His Gift

Alas, a calling for a true statesman has come, and here’s the moment which he can ignite and replicate Prometheus’ act by devoting his life to create a moral society. The chance to redefine mankind’s mission dedicated to not only the advancement of the productive powers of labor, but to nurture Prometheus’ own precious gift, the creative powers of the individual human mind. Are the individuals within the layers of government capable of that same victory? Undoubtedly, success cannot be achieved if the individual’s timidity and worries of, “How will this affect me personally?” as this mental-moral disease confronts the necessary courage required to conquer the great challenge of today. The lesson to be learned is that now more than ever, we must find the courage to fight on that principle which can reverse the 30 years of stripping of basic infrastructure, which Dr. Jose Rizal and President Ferdinand Marcos embodied and went on to prove, that despite what most people’s expectations of what would be possible for the Philippines, it was indeed possible to build a foundation and move towards a truly sovereign nation-state. It’s ridiculous to continue the course of recent decades, on the reliance of importing goods for the survival of the population, much of which, in monetary terms, comes from exporting Filipinos!

“Only a fundamental and sudden change in the world monetary financial system will prevent a general, immediate chain-reaction type of collapse. At what speed, we do not know, but it will go on, and it will be unstoppable. And the longer it goes on before coming to an end, the worse things will get.”-Lyndon LaRouche stated, in his July 25, 2007 international webcast.

We must resonate the call to save the U.S. from dragging the rest of the world into the greatest financial collapse in modern history, and call on the U.S. Congress to adopt LaRouche’s three-step emergency solution. Furthermore, the Philippine Congress must also instantly stop the inhuman conditions of Filipinos from escalating with the implementation of the internal domestic three stop-gap measures. If there’s a failure to quickly implement the above mentioned emergency measures, a global new world dark age will be inevitable. Such a consequence is ahead if there’s a failure to cast off such prevalent thoughts, but rather one must become a person of a moral quality lacking in society today, by rejecting the thoughts of personal gain. In order to reach into the future and be in a position of leadership one must first ask: how is the meaning of my life going to be affirmed through my participating in the struggle to save humanity and conquer such a trying time in history as this?

A vital accomplishment of today, if we succeed in uniting as respectively sovereign people, sovereign nations, is to defend the common aspirations of mankind. Let us not betray our ancestors, for we cannot afford any longer, to lose the purpose of our lives, we must now fight courageously against the same enemies of humanity. Our descendants of the past will look upon us with intense pride and the generations of tomorrow will strive to replicate our actions of today. As Dr. Rizal once said, “…We must win our freedom by deserving it, by loving what is just, what is good, what is great, to the point of dying for it.”

Footnote:
1. “We must overcome the stupidity which seems to control the Congress, or most of the members of the Congress, and to control many citizens who prefer to be ignorant, because they like desperation better than solutions, in order to accept these three simple steps:

“One: HBPA [Homeowners and Bank Protection Act]. We must provide for an indefinite period, until we can solve the problem, we must provide bankruptcy protection for the homeowner and for the banks, that is, for the legitimate banks for legitimate banking operations, not speculation.

“Secondly, we must establish a two-tier credit system, between 1 and 2% for government-authorized credit, and let the interest rate float, to 7, or 8, or 9% for other things. No stimulation package. A stimulation package is called a “hyperinflationary package.” Anybody who is for stimulation–like these sex freaks, like Paulson and Bernanke–they want “stimulation” all the time! Stimulation! Get ‘em some Viagra, or whatever! But don’t give them money. And don’t float money out there. You’ve got to have a conservative view, to defeat inflation. You must have a regulated view, an expansive view, for construction, for the security of people, the security of communities, and for the normal functioning of the country, as it used to function. That these habits are built into our system! Normal banking, no more of this hyperinflationary stuff, no more golden parachutes. One to two percent basic rate. Rebuild the economy! People can understand that.

“So, have a system of credit which is anti-inflationary: 1-2% for authorized use of the Federal government, as a means of generating credit. For distribution, primarily–when not by the government itself–primarily through state- and national-chartered banks, functioning in a normal way, pre-inflationary. Shall we say, pre-Volcker, pre-Greenspan ways. We need that.”

Third step: “We also need a factor of world expansion and cooperation, which means we have to go to create a partnership among a number of leading powers, which include Russia, China, and India. China is one of the biggest markets for the United States, and we’re one of the biggest markets for China. If China goes down, we’re in trouble. Therefore, we have to worry about China. And China has to worry about itself, and has to worry about us–as it does! The Chinese government now understands that this is a problem. India may be not quite as quick on this one, but they’ll pick up on it. They understand it, too.

“If we bring together an alliance of the United States, Russia, China, and India, and bring other countries into the same alliance, on economic policy, we can create a new international monetary-financial system–like the Franklin Roosevelt system. Under those conditions, with these three measures, and measures which are required to facilitate their implementation, we can mobilize most of the world to get the Hell out of this thing! And come back to a system where human beings can decently live again.”

Why the Philippines is Starving: How Shultz and the WTO Destroyed the Philippines Green Revolution

| 0 comments

Why the Philippines is Starving: How Shultz and the WTO Destroyed the Philippines Green Revolution

by Mike Billington
This article appears in the May 16, 2008 issue of Executive Intelligence Review.
PDF Version of this article

The people of the Philippines have faced increasing rates of hunger for the past several years. Now, as one of the world’s largest importers of rice, the country is facing famine, due to the global rice shortage, coupled with the hyperinflationary speculation in food on the commodity markets. A state of panic is setting in. Hundreds of rice distribution centers have been set up across Manila and other Philippine cities, where huge lines form before dawn to get the subsidized, imported rice at about half the market price—a program the government is now moving to shut down, unable to sustain the mounting subsidy costs.

The Philippines needs to import more than a million tons of rice each year to meet the minimum needs of its citizens, but due to the crisis, it is trying to acquire 2 million tons this year. As has been widely reported internationally, every Philippine tender for rice purchases over the past month has failed to obtain the needed quantities, and what they can purchase is at triple the price of 2007. The last tender, on May 5, called for 675,000 tons—they obtained not one grain, at any price.

And yet 25 years ago, the nation was self-sufficient in rice production, the result of a Green Revolution, carried out under the Presidency of Ferdinand Marcos, coordinated with the international Green Revolution implemented by the institutions set up by Franklin Roosevelt and his Vice President Henry Wallace (see below), under the direction of the famous Norman Borlaug. The collapse of that program in the Philippines can be blamed directly on then-U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and his deputy Paul Wolfowitz, who ran the coup against the Marcos Administration between 1983 and 1986. That “regime change” by the neoconservatives Shultz and Wolfowitz, with the foolish Democrats in the U.S. Congress cheering them on, destroyed the Philippines nuclear program, its industrial aspirations, and its Green Revolution for food self-sufficiency—exactly as intended.

An effort to revive the technologically vectored Green Revolution was attempted, with some success, in 2002-04. A significant fight was carried out, together with other developing countries (including especially China and India), against the dictates of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which was demanding that developing nations give up protective tariffs on agricultural imports, and depend instead on the “international markets” and “globalization” to assure their food supply. But the WTO and its British imperial model remain in force, placing the entire world on a course for famine and social upheaval, with the Philippines high on the target list.

Still, the model of the Green Revolution under Marcos, and the similar effort in 2002-04, show that emergency measures can be successsful, if implemented by nations committed to the general welfare. Although the current Philippine government of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo enjoys little popular support, in April, she committed the country to a crash progam to regain rice self-sufficiency within three years, and has recently gained the support of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI, which is international in scope, but happens to be located in the Philippines), which has pledged full cooperation in that effort. Millions of lives are at stake.
Masagana 99 vs. NSSM 200

In May 1973, the Philippine Green Revolution was launched by President Marcos and his wife Imelda, under the name of Masagana 99. Masagana means “bountiful” in the Tagalug language, while 99 represented the goal of producing 99 sacks of rice (almost 5 tons) per hectare, which was necessary to make the Philippines self-sufficient in rice production. Working with the FDR-inspired IRRI in the Philippines, Marcos built irrigation systems, provided fertilizer, pesticides, and cheap agricultural credits which were 85% guaranteed by the government, as well as a network of agriculture extension stations across the country, while introducing high-yield varieties of seed. Mechanization became widespread, replacing carabaos (water buffaloes). He also passed laws forbidding rice land from being converted to any other uses (as China has recently also done). By 1975, more than 500,000 farmers were participating in the program. Fertilizer usage doubled, irrigation use tripled to one-half of the arable land, and 81% of the rice planted was so-called “miracle rice”—up from zero in the 1960s.

Productivity doubled, and by 1977, the Philippines was self-sufficient in rice for the first time in its modern history. Similar government support made the country self-sufficient in corn, and one of the world’s leading coconut oil producers.

But in the late 1970s, the British counterattack against such American-sponsored development dramatically escalated. In 1974, Henry Kissinger, who essentially ran the Nixon Administration, issued National Security Study Memorandum 200 (NSSM 200), titled “Implications of Worldwide Population Growth for US Security and Overseas Interests.”[1] The report, adopted as official U.S. policy, argued that population growth in certain less-developed countries was a threat to U.S. security, because a growing population would more rapidly use up the resources which were needed in the advanced-sector nations. NSSM 200 proposed limiting food production by force: “Mandatory programs may be needed and we should be considering these possibilities now,” the document said. It added: “Since population growth is a major determinant of increases in food demand, allocation of scarce PL 480 resources [the U.S. food aid program] should take account of what steps a country is taking in population control as well as food production. In these sensitive relations, however, it is important in style as well as substance to avoid the appearance of coercion.” Kissinger never shied from acknowledging his allegience to the British over the American system, famously telling London’s Chatham House in 1982 that he favored Winston Churchill’s colonial policy over Franklin Roosevelt’s intent to end colonialism after World War II.[2] The Philippines was one of the 13 “key countries” targetted by Kissinger’s genocidal NSSM 200 policy. These colonial policies continue today.

Marcos had also implemented policies for energy independence, launching oil exploration which revealed significant oil resources offshore, extensive hydropower and geothermal development, and full support for the ongoing 620 MW nuclear project at Bataan. The Third World debt crisis of the late 1970s and early 1980s, brought on by the manipulated leap in oil prices by the Anglo-Dutch cartels, together with skyrocketting interest rates imposed by the U.S. Federal Reserve under Paul Volcker, sent the Philippines into a financial crisis, forcing Marcos to sign deals with the World Bank and the IMF to meet debt payments. The “conditionalities” of these agreements forced the Philippines to lift their protective tariffs on food and other goods by one-third, and lift import restrictions on thousands of items.

The Masagana 99 Green Revolution was undermined under the cover of the global financial crisis. In the early 1980s, fertilizer usage fell by 15%, acreage in rice fell by 2.4% annually, irrigation projects were abandoned, and the credit flow to farmers collapsed. Marcos was deposed in 1986 under the direction of Shultz and his agents in the Philippines. Immediately, the nuclear facility, which was ready to turn on, was scrapped, as was the Green Revolution. In its place was “globalization,” which replaced a production orientation with dependence upon trade for food supplies. The protective tariffs were further removed, as federal support for infrastructure was slashed. Agricultural production shifted to export crops, while importing cheap rice from abroad for national consumption. Production, by 1996, had fallen to 1960s levels in many parts of the country. The Philippines has never recovered from the U.S. “regime change” against President Marcos.
War on the WTO

The WTO officially came into existence on Jan. 1, 1995, with the intent of forcing the full globalization of agriculture. This meant ending sovereignty over food—no self-sufficiency, no stockpiling, no subsidies, no protective tariffs—in favor of totally unregulated “free markets”—at least for the weak developing nations that couldn’t refuse the demands of the Western powers. But the developing sector nations did not completely capitulate to the WTO dictatorship. The WTO biennial conferences became a battleground between the advanced and the developing nations. In the 2003 WTO conference in Cancun, Mexico, a group of 16 developing nations, led by China and India, and including the Philippines, essentially shut down the confererence, primarily in opposition to the insistence by the United States and the European Union that protective tariffs be eliminated altogether.

The Philippines played a significant role in that fight. The then-Secretary of Agriculture Luis “Cito” Lorenzo was one of the leaders of the Philippine delegation. He told EIR in a recent interview why the Cancun meeting had collapsed: “It was more the European countries, the U.K., wanting things to be done their way—free market, open access, the same old things. Everyone kept telling them: ‘That’s not the case. When there is anything that is perceived to be threatening to your countries, you stop it, you create a reason.’ So India and China got on with us, and with that, it ended—we all went home. It’s like this—why agree to something?—we’d rather bring back nothing. That fellow Pascal Lamy, the Frenchman, who is now head of the WTO, was the French representative. The WTO’s relevance is really questionable, because the countries themselves, when they want something done, they talk to the other countries. There’s a lot more bilateral discussion, and smaller groups. If you leave your markets open, what do you get for it? You get ‘more favored-nation’ status. Oh, thank you very much, for nothing! Lots of form, but the substance is lacking.”

Asked if there were any benefit, for anybody, coming out of the WTO, Lorenzo responded, after a long pause: “It’s hard to see if there is any. You see, the world does function without it. And it’s an expense, a very large expense, for our countries.”

As Agriculture Minister (2002-04), Lorenzo applied the proven policies of the Green Revolution of the 1970s. According to his assistant Ado Paglinawan, in his brief term of 19 months, he “increased the agricultural productivity to 8.5% from the historical average of 2.9%,… achieving 97% sufficiency in rice, 78% sufficiency in corn, and net export capacity in tilapia.” Lorenzo worked not only with the IRRI, but also with the renowned Chinese agronomist Yuan Longping, who developed some of the earliest and most productive hybrid rice seeds beginning in the 1970s, and whose hybrids were widely applied in the Philippines. Lorenzo looked to promote the general welfare of the rice farmers and fishermen of the Philippines, not only because their product was crucial for the nation, but because they were the poorest and most oppressed within the social structure of the society.

Lorenzo addressed the 2004 World Food Prize International Symposium in Sacramento, with over 100 secretaries of agriculture in attendence, as well as agronomist giants Borlaug and Yuan Longping. Even then, in 2004, Lorenzo was warning of the looming disaster of dependence on the WTO’s globalization policies for the nation’s food supply, and for the need to “protect the population from dependence on imported commodities whose supply is more often unreliable and whose prices are quite volatile.” He described his strategy: “Raise the productivity and incomes of the marginalized farmers and fisherfolk in the rural areas; second, to achieve food security for our large population by acheiving a higher self-sufficiency in the most basic food commodities; and third, to sell and actualize hope in the rural sector [citizens], who were becoming reticent in accepting a highly competitive environment they could not cope with.”

Such concern for the poor and for the general welfare, and such unwillingness to bow to the WTO, were not destined to survive for long in the Philippines, where national sovereignty was never fully regained after the 1986 coup against Marcos. Lorenzo’s aide Paglinawan reported in an April 11 article in the Philippine Inquirer that Lorenzo “resigned in protest” when leading individuals, including the President’s husband, Michael Arroyo, “systematically fleeced 3 billion pesos [about $60 million] of agricultural funds in order to steal the 2004 presidential elections.”

Whatever the truth of this story, known as the “fertilizer funds scandal,” it is certainly the case that investments in agriculture over the past four years fell drastically, except for investments in the wastful and destructive pursuit of biofuels production at the expense of food crops.
A New Green Revolution?

The severe crisis in the Philippines has forced the government to adopt emergency measures, including a $1 billion progam whose stated aim is to achieve rice self-sufficiency within three years. While a noble and necessary goal, many knowledgable sources within Philippine policy circles are skeptical that it is more than just talk, in an administration beset by both economic breakdown and perpetual political crisis.

On May 3, however, the government received a serious committment for direct cooperation from the IRRI, through its director Dr. Robert Zeigler, to provide the Philippines with new high-yield seeds and hybrids, and to provide training for new agricultural scientists and extension workers for the national project. With this support, the best international scientific capacities can be brought to bear on the crisis.

Dr. Zeigler gave a press conference in early May with the heads of two fellow agencies of the CGAIR (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research) network, Dr. Joachim Von Braun of the International Food Research Institute in Washington, and Dr. Carlos Sere of the International Livestock Research Institute in Kenya, to decry the collapse of funding for fundamental research, just as the food crisis is becoming apparent globally. Zeigler had travelled to Washington in December 2006, to warn of the rice crisis which he foresaw as inevitable even then, due to the degrading of production per capita under the WTO regime, the collapse of stockpiles, the gutting of funding for basic research, and rising grain prices. EIR was alone in reporting his dire warning, in an interview published in its March 2, 2007 issue.

To drive home the point that only action to dramatically increase production can avert the food disaster now descending on the world, the IRRI issued a nine-point global emergency program in April on “The Rice Crisis: What Needs to be Done?” (see box).

The food crisis is forcing the world to face the reality asserted by Lyndon LaRouche for many years—that economics is a science of the transformation of the physical universe through discovery and the application of discoveries—not a matter of money and monetary policy. Globalization has created a world of famine and war. The Philippines, as a nation uniquely reflecting both the European and the Asian cultural traditions, is now at ground zero of the global food crisis. It can and must play a leading role in bringing about a global solution—a rejection of the WTO policies of globalized genocide, and a return to the traditions of the Bretton Woods system of Franklin Roosevelt, based on production, and the supremecy of the sovereign individual citizen of each sovereign nation state over the new Brutish Empire.

[1] Excerpts from NSSM 200 can be found in “The Genocidal Roots of Bush’s ‘New World Order,’ ” EIR Special Report, 1992, p. 53 ff. [Full text of NSSM 200]

[2] See “Confessions of a British agent,” by Scott Thompson, EIR, Sept. 22, 1995.

Nuclear Energy: The Beneficial Use of Fire

Nuclear Energy: The Beneficial Use of Fire
AUGUST 10TH, 2007

The mythical Greek god Zeus was known to have disdained the earthly human mortals and denied them knowledge and other divine gifts to keep them in a state of perpetual misery until they died off. He insisted that Prometheus, the rebel god, not intervene in his plan of imposing ignorance and suffering on the primitive inhabitants of the planet. Despite the warnings of Zeus, Prometheus took pity on the mortals and taught them many ways of improving their quality of life, foremost among which was the beneficial use of fire. As the story of Aeschylus goes, he was punished, tied to a rock to be eaten alive by vultures in perpetuity, until he was freed by Heracles twelve generations after.

In light of what is generally perceived as an on-going global financial system collapse, and the escalating threats of another global war, resulting from “Zeus’” policies, it is heartening to note that there are still leaders around the world, possessing Promethean virtues of compassion and courage, determined to do what is right, initiating programs for the good of all, and the vision of a better world for the coming generations. It is in this context that we propose to re-introduce you to nuclear power: the way towards world peace and prosperity.

After more than two decades of limited growth in construction of nuclear reactors, and realizing that fossil fuel as a principal source of energy will not sustain the growing demands of modern societies, developed and developing nations alike have had to reconsider their decision to shelve plans of utilizing nuclear energy as an efficient source of power. Technological advancement and ferreting out anti-nuclear propaganda to allow results of credible investigations to surface in regard to the Chernobyl and three-mile island incidents in the ‘80s convinced current and enlightened leaders of many nations of the necessity of this vital energy source.

On virtually every continent in the world, nations are making that determination that ‘the future is nuclear’. In an article with that title, Russian academician and renowned physicist Yevgeny Velikhov stated, “Nuclear power engineering is capable of assuring all those who are not certain of having sufficient energy today and tomorrow. There is no doubt it is the only source of energy that can ensure the world’s steady development in the foreseeable future.”

The dramatic shift in international energy policy that is under way is evident in nations that had planned nuclear power generation programs in the past, but abandoned them, or were not able to succeed, in operating them. In the Philippines, the mothballing of the Bataan nuclear power plant, a costly political decision made by two successive administrations after Marcos, may have set us back some 30 years of industrial development.
Increased Capacity

Increased nuclear capacity in some countries is resulting from the upgrading of existing plants. This is a highly cost-effective way of bringing on new capacity.

Numerous power reactors in USA, Belgium, Sweden and Germany, for example, have had their generating capacity increased. In Switzerland, the capacity of its five reactors has been increased by 12.3%. In the USA, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission has approved 110 uprates totaling 4700 MWe since 1977, a few of them “extended uprates” of up to 20%.

Spain has a program to add to its nuclear capacity through upgrading its nine reactors by up to 13%.

Finland has boosted the capacity of the Olkiluoto plant by 29% to 1700 MWe. It is now licensed to operate to 2018.

Sweden is uprating Forsmark plant by 13% over 2008-10 at a cost of EUR 225 million, and Oskarshamn-3 by 21% at a cost of EUR 180 million.
Nuclear Plant Construction

Most reactors currently planned are in the Asian region, with fast-growing economies and rapidly rising electricity demand.

At least twelve countries with existing nuclear power programs (Bulgaria, Canada, France Russia, China, India, Pakistan, Japan, Romania, Slovakia, South Korea, South Africa and USA) have plans to build new power reactors beyond those now under construction, or expand the capacities of those presently operating.

In all, over 70 power reactors with a total net capacity of over 80,000 MWe are planned and over 150 more are proposed. Rising gas and oil prices resulting from speculation in the Commodity Futures Market and greenhouse constraints on coal have combined to put nuclear power back on the agenda for projected new capacity in Europe, Asia and the Americas.

Questions have been raised about the potential rate of construction of new plants. However, half (218) the number of nuclear reactors operating today started up in the decade 1980 to 1989 — an average of one every 17 days. Under similar conditions two and a half decades ago, it is not hard to imagine a similar number being commissioned between now and 2015. The 1980s figures included 47 in USA, 42 in France and 18 in Japan. However, many other countries are now feverishly constructing plants, led by Russia, China, and India. Developing countries such as Vietnam, Indonesia and Bangladesh, have also started plans to construct nuclear power plants within the next couple of years. Some studies even boldly estimated that if financing and technological assistance were available to developing countries, the construction rate can reach as fast as five nuclear reactors a week.

In the USA, there are proposals for over 20 new reactors and the first combined construction and operating licenses for these will be applied for in 2007. All are for late third-generation plants, and a further proposal is for two ABWR units.

In Finland, construction is now under way on a fifth, very large reactor, which will come on line in 2011.

France is building a similar 1600 MWe unit at Flamanville, for operation from 2012.

Romania’s second power reactor started up in 2007, and two further units are expected to commence construction soon.

Bulgaria is about to start building two 1000 MWe Russian reactors at Belene.

In Russia, there are three reactors under active construction and due for completion by 2012, one being a large fast neutron reactor. Three further reactors are then planned to replace some existing plants, and 15 further reactors are planned to add new capacity by 2020. Several small floating power plants are expected to be completed by 2010.

Poland is planning some nuclear power capacity but initially is likely to join a joint project in Lithuania, with Estonia and Latvia.

Nuclear power will continue to play a major role in the future electricity supply mix in both South Korea and Japan.

South Korea plans to bring a further eight reactors into operation by the year 2015, giving total new capacity of 9200 MWe. Cost is expected to be US$ 1400 per kilowatt, falling to $1200/kW in later units with 48-month construction time.

Japan has one reactor under construction and another ready to start building. It also has plans and, in most cases, designated sites and announced timetables for a further 10 power reactors, totaling over 13,000 MWe which are expected to come on line 2012-17.

In China, now with eleven operating reactors on the mainland, CNNC is well into the next phase of its nuclear power program. The second of two Russian 1000 MWe Pressurized Water Reactors at Tianwan in Jiangsu province was grid connected in May 2007. China NNC and Guangdong NPC have four more indigenous reactors under construction at Lingdong and Qinshan, and four more large Western third-generation ones are due to start construction at Sanmen and Yangjiang. It aims to quadruple its nuclear capacity from that operating and under construction by 2020.

In Taiwan, Taipower is building two more advanced Boiling Water Reactors at Lungmen, which are part of the additional seven reactors planned for completion before 2020.

India has six reactors under construction and expected to be completed by 2010. This includes two large Russian reactors and a large prototype fast breeder reactor (FBR) as part of its strategy to develop a fuel cycle that can utilize thorium. Further units are planned.

Pakistan has a second 300 MWe reactor under construction at Chasma, financed by China. There are plans for more Chinese power reactors.

In Kazakhstan, a joint venture with Russia’s Atomstroyexport envisages development and marketing of innovative small and medium-sized reactors, starting with a 300 MWe Russian design as baseline for Kazakh units.

In Iran, nuclear power plant construction was suspended in 1979, but in 1995, an agreement was signed with Russia to complete a 1000 MWe PWR at Bushehr. Construction is well advanced.

The Turkish government plans to have three nuclear power plants total 4500 MWe operating by 2012-15, a US$ 10.5 billion investment.

Indonesia plans to start constructing a 2000 MWe nuclear power station in 2010.

Vietnam is also considering its first nuclear power venture, to be commissioned by 2017.

Brazil has decided to construct two nuclear power reactors within this decade.

Bangladesh has just gotten the approval from IAEA to plan a construct their first nuclear power plant.
Nuclear Power in Brief

Nuclear technology uses the energy produced by splitting the atoms of certain elements. It was first developed in the 1940s and during World War II research initially focused on producing bombs. Their mass destructive effect was demonstrated by President Harry Truman in late 1945, the first and only instance that these weapons were used, killing half a million Japanese.

Subsequently, a wise President of the United States in the 50s, Dwight Eisenhower embarked on an Atoms For Peace program to make nuclear technology available to all countries. Only then did attention turn to peaceful purposes of nuclear fission, notable for power generation. Today, the world produces as much electricity from nuclear energy as it did from all sources combined in 1960. Civil nuclear power can now boast over 12,400 reactor years of experience and supplies 16% of global needs, in 30 countries.

Today, only eight countries are known to have a nuclear weapons capability. By contrast, 56 operate civil research reactors, and 30 have some 435 commercial nuclear power reactors with a total installed capacity of over 370,000 MWe. This is more than three times the total generating capacity of France or Germany from all sources. Some 30 further power reactors are under construction, equivalent to 6% of existing capacity, while over 60 are firmly planned, equivalent to 18% of capacity.

Sixteen countries depend on nuclear power for at least a quarter of their electricity. France and Lithuania get around three quarters of their power from nuclear energy, while Belgium, Bulgaria, Hungary, Slovakia, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Slovenia, and Ukraine get one third or more. Japan, Germany, and Finland get more than a quarter of their power from nuclear energy, while the USA with 104 functioning reactors, gets one-fifths.

Principally due to prohibitive financing for energy infrastructure and anti-nuclear ideologues, fewer nuclear plants have been built in the 90s up to 2006, than in the 60s, 70s and 80s. Yet, through technology developments in efficiency and safety concerns, those now operating are producing more electricity. In 2005, production was 2626 billion kWh. The increase over the last five years of only two reactors is equal to the output from 30 large new nuclear plants.
World Energy Needs

The World Energy Outlook 2006 from the OECD’s International Energy Agency (IEA) highlights the increasing importance of nuclear power in meeting energy needs and achieving security of supply.

If policies remain unchanged, world energy demand to 2030 is forecast to increase by 53%. Over 70% of the increased energy demand is from developing countries, led by China and India.

From 1980 to 2004, total world primary energy demand grew by 54% and it is projected to grow at much the same rate up to 2030. Electricity growth is stronger. Increased demand was most dramatic in developing countries and that is projected to increase.

With the UN predicting world population growth from 6.4 billion in 2004 to 8.1 billion in 2030, demand for energy must increase substantially over that period. Both population growth and increasing standards of living for many people in developing countries will cause strong growth in energy demand, expected to be 1.6% per year, or 53% from 2004 to 2030.

Electricity demand is increasing much more rapidly than overall energy use, and is projected to grow at 2.6% per year to 2030. Currently some 2 billion people have no access to electricity, and it is a high priority to address this lack.

Without nuclear power, the world would have to rely almost entirely on fossil fuels, especially coal, to meet the electricity demands.
Desalination

It is estimated that one fifth of the world’s population does not have access to safe drinking water, and that this proportion will increase due to population growth relative to water resources. The worst affected areas are the arid and semi-arid regions of Asia and North Africa.

Many leaders and economists in the South-West Asian region commonly known as the Middle East subscribe to the idea of world-famous statesman and physical economist Lyndon LaRouche, who has proposed that peace and development in the war-torn region will result from focusing on the kind of infrastructure which addresses the critical need of water for its populations, food production, and industrial development, these to be achieved only by immediate construction of nuclear-powered desalination plants strategically located in the region.

Most desalination today uses fossil fuels. Total world capacity is approaching 30 million cubic meters/day of potable water, in some 12,500 plants. Half of these are in the Middle East. The largest produces 454,000 cubic meters/day.

India has recently announced that its floating nuclear-powered desalination plant is fully operational. The plant is located about 40km east of Tamil Nadu coast. It is currently producing 100,000 gallons/day and will be upgraded to 1 million gallons/day by 2008. The plant is sitting on a 65 by 16 meter wide barge located in deep sea.

The features of this plant includes bringing in saturated hot steam generated in the nuclear power plant for flash heating the water in a vacuum chamber located on the barge. The freshly generated water vapor passes into an adjacent chamber where cold water drawn from 600 meter depth of Bay of Bengal, by pipe, and wrapped around the cooling chamber converts the water vapor to clean potable water.

The fresh water is then towed in specially developed 50,000-gallon containers by barges for pumping into the water distribution system on shore. The capital cost of the project so far has been $5 million. It is the first of its kind in history.

Other similar nuclear-powered projects are now being developed and built by Spain, the U.K., China, Russia, Pakistan, Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, Algeria, South Korea, and Argentina.
Myths About Nuclear Power

Myth #1: Nuclear Power is dangerous to your health

There has never been any accident in the US that has endangered the health or welfare of the public. The Three Mile Island nuclear plant accident in 1979 injured no one.

In the US, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission provides the standards for reactor design and plant operation, contributing to the excellent nuclear power plant public safety records.

The most famous is the case of Chernobyl plant in Russia in 1986. Investigations since have discovered that the fault lay in poor plant design and inadequate training of personnel.

The new generation of nuclear plant designs, already being built internationally, feature passive safety systems, which simply shut the plant down if there is an operator error or equipment failure.

As far as ‘terrorist attacks’ are concerned, there is no public infrastructure that is as well protected as nuclear power plants. There is no scenario under which a release of radiation would significantly affect public health.

Myth #2: Radioactive waste from nuclear plants is a health hazard

There is no such thing as nuclear waste. This is a term used by anti-nuclear ideologues to frighten the public, and its elected representatives. More than 95% of the fission products created in commercial power plants can be reprocessed and recycled. The spent fuel from a typical 1000-megawatt nuclear plant, which has operated over 40 years, can produce energy equal to 130 million barrels of oil, 37 million tons of coal.

Today, Britain, France, Russia, India, Japan, and China reprocess spent nuclear fuel, and many other countries are beginning to do the same.

Myth #3: Building nuclear power plants will lead to nuclear weapons

No nation has ever developed a nuclear weapon from a civilian nuclear power plant. If a nation has the intention to develop nuclear weapons, it must obtain the specific technology to do so. Israel is an example of a nation that does not have a civilian nuclear power plant but has developed nuclear weapons.

Myth #4: Nuclear energy is more expensive than fossil or ‘alternative’ fuels

The radical escalation in the cost of building nuclear power plants in the late 1970s and 1980s was the result of political actions, not economics. Some plants projected to cost less than $1 billion ended up costing three to four times that amount, because of anti-nuclear ‘environmentalists’, and legal interveners were given free rein, using specious and ideological arguments to delay construction for years, sometimes for decades. Where there has been less political interference, new nuclear power plants have been built in 38 months, on schedule and on budget, such as in Japan, Taiwan, China and India.

While it does require less up-front capital investment to build a gas-fired power plant than a nuclear plant. The operational cost over the 30-or-more year lifetime of the gas plant swings heavily in favor of nuclear power. And compared to coal, the overall economy is not taxed to transport millions of tons of fuel.

Other renewable energy sources, like solar and wind, are not only inefficient because their energy is so dispersed, they are so unreliable that back up plants must be available for any time it is not sunny or windy. Not only will the public bear the expense of the inefficiency, the entire electric grid system pays the price of having to provide stand-by redundant power-generating capacity to ensure grid reliability.
LaRouche and the Nuclear Renaissance

American economist, physicist, and statesman Lyndon LaRouche has been a long-time supporter and advocate of nuclear power, as a means to empowering all nations to be self-sufficient in energy.

He has penned numerous documents, and commissioned several scientific and developmental works on reorganizing this failed monetary and financial system, and a return to the principles of American System of Political Economy as designed by Alexander Hamilton and, who championed technology and agro-industrialization as a means of promoting the principle of general welfare and achieving the common good.

In one of his works, The Eurasian Landbridge Project, LaRouche called for nuclear powered centers or hubs, to provide the energy requirements of industrialized sectors and magnetic levitation trains and other transit systems connecting the continent of Asia to Europe. These hubs would also serve as economic drivers for the cities built around them. Farms, educational institutions, research centers, and whole communities, would have access to efficient, reliable, and safe energy sources.

In recent weeks, momentum has gained on the Bering Strait 50 mile tunnel project, proposed by the government of Russia as an offshoot of the proposed Eurasian Landbridge project, which would connect Asia to North America to complete the vision of great thinkers Lyndon LaRouche of the U.S., Drs. Mendeleyev and Menshikov of the Federation of Russia.

Leaders of all nations must acknowledge the on going financial collapse as manifested by the dramatic deterioration of the global economy and the US Dollar itself. This realization and the increasing threats of nuclear war should precipitate a decision to collectively embark on major infrastructure projects benefiting all people of all nations. The tragedy of our times is not so much the suffering of whole populations as a result of evil minds conspiring, but the absence of courage and intellectual capacity on the part of decision makers in government, in business and the academe, to reject what is wrong and to do what is right.

This conference initiated by the Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines Foundation (CCPF) has far greater implications than just becoming an information gathering, roundtable discussion. It is our hope that our country’s forthcoming decision to join the rest of the world in nuclear power development programs, will necessarily lead our own leaders to reconsider our national economic policy to give the assurances that future generations of Filipinos be given the opportunity of a quality of life which all humans deserve.

Postscript:
The day after the CCPF initiated the historic conference to make known to the Philippine public, through relevant agencies of government, the private sector, and the academe, its determination to pursue a national program of nuclear energy development, an agreement and declaration made by the Presidents of the two superpowers, President Vladimir Putin of Russia and President George W. Bush, was made public. The joint declaration expressed their commitment to make nuclear technology available to developing countries around the world and to provide assistance in constructing the same to those who would want it, and help in the financing constraints to make such capability affordable. They further commit to support the IAEA objectives and abide by the Non-Proliferation Treaty in order that such technology shall not be used for the production of weapons of mass destruction.

It should be noted that this joint declaration not only has great historical significance, but unique in its substance and purpose. If indeed this commitment of the leaders of the two most powerful nations in the world is followed through, the attention of the world would inevitably focus in building and improving present civilization and not on its destruction. For the first time in four decades of continuous deterioration, the world’s developing countries are presented with the initial manifestations of a ray of hope. It is every citizen’s duty to acknowledge and endorse the full implementation of this Joint Declaration if we are to avoid political and economic disintegration.

Prepared August 2007